In the autumn of 2022, a fairly average annual grain crop was harvested in Finland. It amounted to approximately 3.6 million tonnes, which is a substantial amount. Storage levels were low at the beginning of the harvest season, so a good harvest was needed.

The area sown with winter wheat was record high, but winter damage was also significant. Winter wheat fields destroyed by the winter were seeded mainly for spring wheat. The areas sown with spring and winter wheat remained at quite a traditional level. Fairly good yields of spring wheat per hectare were harvested, but the yields of winter wheat were lower than in an average year. In numbers, the total wheat harvest was quite good. The spring wheat protein distribution is wide ranging and moderate on average. In other respects, winter wheat is mainly of high quality, but its protein levels have been quite low. Most of the wheat harvest is suitable for baking, as rainfall did not weaken the wheat quality excessively.

Of winter crops, rye overwintered best. In yields per hectare, there was regional variation in rye, just like with winter wheat. The quality was quite good. The falling number distribution was quite reasonable, and most batches have had a falling number of 200 or higher. The conditions for the 2023 rye harvest, the sowing in the autumn of 2022, were suboptimal, and many farms postponed sowing until September. We must hope for favourable weather that will guarantee good overwintering for rye.

For oats, the yields per hectare were quite good on many farms. The quality of oats has proved generally good in presample and intake sample analyses. The last harvested lots have included batches that have not been suitable for food use, but most of the analysed samples has met the quality requirements for food use. After last season’s very poor grain quality and weak yields, we have also returned to the traditional quality track. The total oat harvest was good.